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Comprehensive Eye Exams

Learn more about what problems can be spotted with an eye exam and what’s involved in a comprehensive exam.

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Eye Exams in Americus, Montezuma, and Leesburg, GA

What is a comprehensive eye examination? It is more than just checking for glasses and/or contact lenses (although those are part of a comprehensive eye examination). At Regional Eye Center, our eye doctors are also concerned about the overall health of your eyes and your body. A comprehensive eye examination helps us to monitor these. A comprehensive eye examination at Regional Eye Center includes:

Checking the pupils

This is done with a penlight that is swung back and forth in front of your eyes. This allows our eye doctors to tell about the health of your optic nerves and pupils.

For this test, you look into a machine that will gently blow a stream of air at your eyes to check the intraocular pressure. This allows our eye doctors to screen for risk factors for developing glaucoma. This also allows our eye doctors to monitor the efficacy of your glaucoma treatment.

Checking the visual field.

The doctor or clinical assistant will have you cover one eye at a time. He will then test your ability to perceive objects in your peripheral vision.

This allows our eye doctors to determine the health of your optic nerves, as well as potential other conditions such as stroke, brain tumors.

Extraocular motility

This is wear the doctor and/or clinical assistants will have you look in four directions. This tests the function of the muscles that move your eyes.

In some conditions (such as strokes, nerve palsy from diabetes, or other neurologic conditions), one or more of the muscles may be paralyzed.

Cover test

In this test, the doctor will ask you to focus on an object. The doctor will then alternate covering one eye at a time.

This allows our doctor to determine if your eyes are working together. In children, this can help detect a lazy eye.

Keratometry

For this test, you look into a machine and focus on a picture. The machine then takes a measurement (like a photograph).

This allows our eye doctors to determine the curvature of your cornea and to measurement any degree of astigmatism. It also can tell whether you can tolerate contact lenses. Our doctors would also be able to tell if you qualify for laser vision correction.

Retinoscopy

This test calls for you to look through an instrument that is like a pair of glasses (called a phoropter). Our doctors then will change the lenses until your vision is maximal.

This allows our eye doctors to measure the prescription of your eyes. From this measurement, our doctors will generate your glasses and contact lens prescriptions.

Slit-lamp examination

This is a special microscope that allows our eye doctors look at all the anatomical structures inside of your eye from the cornea in the front to the optic nerve and retina in the back.

This allows our eye doctors to determine if you are developing cataracts and when they would be ready for surgery. This also allows our eye doctors to monitor the condition of your intraocular implants if you have already had cataract surgery.

Pupil dilation

In order to dilate your pupils, drops are instilled into each eye. The drops take 15 to 20 minutes to completely dilate your pupils.

This allows our eye doctors to get a clear look at the entire retina and back of your eye. Without dilation, our eye doctors can only see up to 30% of your eye.

After dilation, you will have blurriness for near work (e.g. reading, computer). The staff will also give you some sunglasses to wear since you will also be light sensitive until the drops wear off. These drops often last up to several hours.

Dilated retinal examination

Dilating your eyes help our doctors check for risk factors for glaucoma, macular degeneration, as well as diabetes. A dilated examination also allows our eye doctors sometimes to determine the status of systemic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. It is important that everyone has at least an annual complete dilated examination.

In addition to these testing, our eye doctors may order more specialized testing to give more information about diseases (e.g. diabetes, glaucoma, cataract, macular degeneration). We use the state-of-the-art equipment to help our doctors provide a complete and thorough eye examination. At Regional Eye Center, when we say comprehensive, we mean comprehensive.

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